Sunshine Farm and Gardens: Rare and Exceptional Plants
Sunshine Farm and Gardens
Rare and Exceptional Plants for the
Discriminating Gardener and Collector

Home : Plant List


This plant list isn't designed to be a sales catalog, rather, it is meant as an informative list of some of our interesting and worthwhile plants. The definitive, up-to-date list of what's in production for sale resides in Barry's head. Please e-mail Barry's head to inquire about availability.

Where photos are available, you can choose from the following three sizes depending on the speed of your connection and monitor resolution:


Acanthus mollis 'New Zealand Gold'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Huge golden foliage on a very striking plant. Comes up very late in the Spring and although it will rarely flower in zone 5 or 6, is a magnificent and hardy foliage plant. When it does flower, a 1-1 1/2 inch flower stem shoots up from the center of the plant to about 24"-36" with unusual almost Chelone like white flowers.

Aceriphyllum rossii     [Photo: sm med lg
Acer as in Maple, what a perfect name for this genus. In the early Spring you have a long lasting spray of crisp white flowers and the foliage holds up well all the growing season. I grow it in a rich moist bed that gets a few hours of sun in mid day. Height is about 6” -12” and it forms a clump with multiple divisions of about the same size.

Aconitum lycoctonum     [Photo: sm med lg]
Interesting white flowers that explain without a doubt, why the common name for plants of this genus is “Monkshood”. As I write this, I can't remember much about this plant as far as flowering time or size goes. However, I’ve never been disappointed by the performance of any plant in this genus or in the entire Ranunculaceae family.

Acourus graminea 'Himemasamune'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Boy, where do the Japanese come up with these names? But in spite of it’s mouthful of syllables, this is one adorable little plant. Only 3"-6" tall and attractively variegated, it loves moist, boggy conditions, but will do well in any moisture retentive soil.

Acourus graminea 'Dwarf Green'
An iddy biddy selection of the popular pond side, marginal and bog plant that will actually do well in an average mulched garden soil. Only gets about 3"-6" tall.

Acourus graminea 'Dwarf Gold'
A golden form of the above.

Acourus graminea 'Ogon'
A much taller and golden - green variegated form of the two guys above. 8"-16" tall.

Actea pachypoda      [Photo: sm med lg]
The common name of this native garden beauty says a lot about the plant, "Dolls Eyes", but, that only tells you about the Autumn interest of this old timey favorite. For in the Spring you have fragrant white soft and fluffy flowers over lush green dissected foliage. Over the Summer months, these flowers slowly turn into greenish-yellow berries and as they finish out their growing season become huge, alabaster white with black dots at each tip resembling the eyes of a doll. [Photo of fruit: sm med lg] Ooops, I almost forgot to tell you about the thick brilliant red stems that attach each berry to the stem. Plants stand about 18"-24" tall and do well in rich woodland shade.

Actea rubra      [Photo: sm med lg]
Similar in stature and color to Actea pachypoda, but with red berries.

Adiantum pedatum     [Photo: sm med lg]
One of my very favorite ferns, a little slow at the starting gate, but give the “Maiden Hair” fern a year or three and she makes a beautiful display. Full shade to part sun. Height gets up to 24” and slowly forms a colony.

Adlumia fungosa      [Photo: sm med lg]
Very interesting vine in the fumariaceae family. A biennial, but don't worry, it will self-seed in abundance and be with you always. Imagine a herbaceous vine that can climb over 30 feet in a year. The foliage is very Corydalis-like and the pendulous pink blooms are very Dicentra-like, what a great combination.

Agapanthus 'Headborne hybrids'
Everyone claims that these beautiful plants are hardy to zone 6, possibly zone 5, I can't confirm that as I haven't had the time to plant them out. Stay tuned.

Agave virginica
Yes, believe it or not, we have a native Agave on the East Coast. One of the two genera in the Amaryllidaceae family in WV, see also Hypoxis, Agave virginica, sometimes known also as Manfreda virginica, was used by the Cherokee Native Americans as a cure for diarrhea. Also for treating animals for worms. In these modern times, I think that we're better off just enjoying the ornamental value of this really cool plant. From a rosette of fleshy foliage comes a 36"-72" flower scape with interesting greenish yellow flowers in mid to late Summer. Part shade to full sun.

Ajuga 'Arboretum Giant'
This name is quite appropriate. In addition to having extremely large leaves with a dark purple edge, the flower heads are the biggest that I've seen.

Ajuga 'Carol'      [Photo: sm med]
This is a sport of who knows what that I discovered in the garden of Roger and Carol Copland in Wyncote PA. It starts off the season kinda normal and then in mid season, explodes into a brilliant array of pinks, whites, reds and cream marbled variegation.

Ajuga 'Catlins Giant'
Another large cultivar. I have this ringing my pond and it provides a dramatic ground covering with very large flower heads.

Ajuga 'Chocolate Chip'
Cute little lanceolate leaves on this somewhat dwarf form of Ajuga. Lovely chocolate-colored foliage. I can't comment on the flowers yet as I've just obtained it this Summer. But the foliage is darling.

Ajuga 'Pats Selection'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Selected by esteemed plantsman and personal friend, Pat McCracken of Zebulon NC, this selection forms a very tight mat that resists penetration by weeds. The color and variegation are pleasingly variable.

Alchemilla mollis     [Photo: sm med lg]
I love the way that rain droplets bead up on the foliage of this member of the Rose family. The bright yellow flowers last for weeks in mid to late Spring. Forms a huge clump and also will give you lots of new plants from its dust like seeds. Height is 8”- 16”

Aletris farinosa
From a lovely basal rosette, in early Summer comes a 12-24" spike of unusual white flowers. Full sun to part shade. Moist to average soil.

Allium cernuum      [Photo: sm med lg]
The specific epithet refers to the nodding flower heads of this late Summer bloomer. The flower heads are about 6-18" tall and appear in a multitude of pinkish shades. Very easy to grow in full sun.

Allium maximowiczii album      [Photo: sm med lg]
Really cool clumps of delicate, bluish foliage produce the cutest little white pom poms that last quite a while in the very early Spring. Perfect for the front of the sunny border. Only 3-8" tall. Very quick to increase in clump size.

Allium pulchellum      [Photo: sm med lg]
A mid-Summer bloomer with very flowing deep pink flowers. 12" -24" tall. Perfect for mid border in full sun to part shade. Will seed in to make a dramatic colony.

Allium pulchellum album
A white form of the above species.

Allium tricoccum      [Photo: sm med lg]
One of the most interesting native plants in these mountains, "Ramps" as they are known locally are a wonderful medicinal plant. They are a known blood purifier and once you have put them on a pizza, you'll be hard pressed to enjoy pizza sans "Ramps" again. Very sexy lily-like foliage in the early Spring, gives way to white silver dollar sized flowers that set umbels of shiny black seeds when pollinated. Very easy to grow in the wild shade garden.

Allium triquetrum
A tall, late Winter, early Spring bloomer with white, pendulous, Lily like, almost Galanthus like flowers with green stripes on 12-18" stems . A very vigorous grower to say the least.

Allium virguncule splendens      [Photo: sm med lg]
Dynamite dwarf plant from Japan. Double purple flowers on a 3-6" fine textured plant in September and October. Useful in the front of the border to provide color when everything else is turning brown.

Alstroemeria psittacina      [Photo: sm med lg]
From the mountains of Brazil comes this hardy species of one of the most popular cut flowers ever grown. I've grown it in my zone 5 garden for over 10 years now, and its made a lovely colony of light green foliage about 8-12" tall. In early Summer it starts its long period of bloom, producing volumes of reddish, slightly upfacing, trumpet like flowers spotted with green and brown.

Anemone ranunculoides     [Photo: sm med lg]
Bright yellow Buttercup flowers over foliage reminiscent of ferns in the genus Botrychium. Blooms in early Spring. I don't have much experience with this cool little plant yet, but is seems hardy, vigorous and easy.

Anemonella thalictroides      [Photo: sm med lg]
One of my favorite little plants in my favorite family, Ranunculaceae. This is also one of the first plants to bloom in the Spring. With it's delicate Anemone-like foliage and its long lasting white blooms, its perfect for the semi-shady rock garden or the wild shade garden. Height is only 4"- 8" and it will reseed around to form a colony very quickly.

Anemonopsis macrophylla     [Photo: sm med lg]
Very interesting plant, this visitor from Japan. The flowers take on a look that can be described as almost porcelain like on very tall (12”- 24”) wiry stems. They’re pendulous with a very unique round shape in the center. Foliage holds up well all year. Flowering is in late Summer to early Autumn over a very long period.

Angelica gigas

Angelica polymorpha      [Photo: sm med lg]
Whoa, talk about a specimen or statement plant! This unusual species is bound to stop visitors to your garden dead in their tracks. Its ?? thick zigging, zagging stem grows to ??" tall and produces multiple branches to form a plant ??" wide. And each of these branches terminate in an umbel of creamy white flowers. I'm not sure if this is a biennial or monocarpic species, but when its finally done flowering itself silly, you will have more than enough seeds for all of your gardening buddies.

Antennaria plantaginifolia
A great groundcover plant for the edge of the shade or woodland garden. Just a few inches tall with silvery white hairy foliage and a multitude of white fluffy flowers.

Antenneron filiforme variegata      [Photo: sm med lg]
A native of Japan, and bearing a close resemblance to Tovara, with stable, attractive, creamy white variegation, you'll have a 24" clump in no time. Interesting small flowers in red or white form along its slender wiry stems that reach up another 12" above this 16"-24" plant.

Aplectrum hymale      [Photo: med lg]
Dynamite native woodland orchid that has a 7" pleated, silvery striped leaf all Winter, hence the specific epithet hymale. In late Spring, early Summer, its goes bye bye and the tuber gives you a pencil think stem of purplish brown orchids which in turn become attractive, pendulous brown seed pods. After they drop the leaf comes back. Something for almost every day of the year. Each tuber produces a new tuber and if you keep removing them and replanting them, you'll have a nice little colony in a few years. Native Americans used the tubers to make a putty like glue to repair broken pottery, musta been the first crazy glue. [Article: The first American Crazy Glue]

Aquilegia 'Blackie'     [Photo: sm med lg]
While these “Double” flowers are not as true black as, let’s say, Viola “Molly Sanderson”, they are by far the darkest colored flowers that I’ve ever seen on an Aquilegia. Also interesting is the angle that

Aquilegia clematiflora     [Photo: sm med lg]
This has to be one of the coolest, if not THE coolest Aquilegia. A combo of two of my favorite Genera in my favorite plant family. Unfortunately, I lost the only plant, so I won't go on about it too awful much here. Stay tuned, I will get it back sometime soon.

Aquilegia 'Old English Pink'      [Photo: sm med lg]
I originally scored these seeds from a special interest group of the British Hardy Plant Society. The foliage is rich and full and has a very formal, glaucus appearance. The flowers stems, and there are an abundance, shoot up another 12"-18" above the plant which stands 8"-12" on its one. Great color combo of the burgandyish pink and the bluish green foliage.

Aquilegia canadense      [Photo of flower: sm med lg]   [Photo of foliage: sm med lg]
What more can I tell you about this old favorite. Variable shades of red and yellow flowers on lovely dissected foliage. Self sown seedlings abound to form a wonderful drift of early Spring color in full sun or part shade on 12" - 18" plants.

Aquilegia flabellata nana pumila alba
Well if that isn't enough of a mouthful to spit out, you should know about Diana Reek of Collector Nurseries named cultivar, Aquilegia flabellata nana pumila alba 'Rama Lama Ding Dong' A dwarf white Columbine for the front of the border or the rock garden. 8"

Aquilegia sp. 'Double White'      [Photo: sm med lg]
12" tall. I should probably ask Dan Heims to come up with some outrageously cool name for this plant like Vanilla something or other, but I'm satisfied just to call it a double white Aquilegia for now. Nice foliage with an interesting flower shape and form. 16"-24" tall, add another foot during flowering.

Arisaema amurense
From the Amur Peninsula, this "Jack in the Pulpit" sort of resembles our Arisaema triphyllum in flower in shape and form, but has five leaflets instead of three. Interesting and variable markings on the spathe and easy to grow in full shade to part sun.

Arisaema candidissimum      [Photo: sm med lg]
Many folks insist that there is a fragrance emanating for the unusual and only pink flowered Arisaema, but I've never detected any. Very large leaves on a 12" - 24" plant. As with all of the Arisaemas, full shade to part sun, good rich soil produce the best plants.

Arisaema ciliatum      [Photo: sm med lg]
Tall and slender and very oriental in appearance is the best way for me to describe this one. At the top of the 24" - 36" stem the leaf radiates out in a dozen or more directions with very slender leaflets. The brilliant red clusters of berries produced in the Autumn can sometimes weight the plant down and you may want to stake it before the seed heads mature.

Arisaema dracontium
Our native "Green Dragon" can get quite tall if given the moist, rich soil and shade that it loves. It's very easy to grow and puts out a very large spathe with a single five bladed leaf. A mature plant can grow up to 4 feet tall under favorable conditions.

Arisaema ringens
Blackest of black huge spathe on this Asian monster. Plants are 12" - 24" when in flower and you get the true feeling of why this genus is referred to as "Cobra Lilies" when you see her in flower. The foliage is also huge and looks kinda like a mutated clover leaf. Easy to grow in full shade to part sun.

Arisaema tortuosum      [Photo: sm med lg]
Sometimes known as Arisaema helleborifolium, so you know why this is one of my favorites. It's risen to over 4 feet in my garden with the most unusual markings on its thick, firm stem. The flowers are huge as are the seed heads. The foliage really does resemble Hellebore foliage and no special care is required to grow it. Mine are quite happy in full shade under an Oak tree.

Arisaema triphyllum      [Photo: med lg]
Our three leaved native "Jack In The Pulpit" provides 3 seasons of interest in the shade garden as its early Spring blooming, unique flowers turn into striking heads of red berries in the fall. I've seen plants reach up to 36" in height under ideal conditions. Typically they are 12" - 24" tall.

Arisarum proboscideum      [Photo: sm med lg]
"The Mouse Plant" is a very prolific member of the Aroid family. A single plant in a 2" pot multiplies eight fold in a year. A cute flowering spathe with a long mouse like tail in early Spring over 3" dark green, aroid foliage.

Armeria alliaceae
Nice tight clump, tighter than most of the Armeria species or selections that I've seen. The usual kind of pink flowers, but what makes this plant unique is the bright red color at the base of the new growth.

Artemesia lactiflora      [Photo: sm med lg]
Not one of those invasive running Artemesias, this is a medium green clump forming species from China. 24-36" tall in flower with sprays of milky white flowers in late Summer when there really isn't much else blooming. Grows equally well in sun or shade.

Artemesia lactiflora 'Guizho'
A form of the above species with red petioles, darker and more dissected foliage, whiter blooms.

Arum dioscoridis
Somewhat similar to the Arum listed below, but produces a dramatic black mottled spathe in the Spring. Sort of a scary looking flower with a rather unpleasant scent. But well worth growing. I haven't had a chance to grow it outside yet, I'm assuming that its only slightly less hardy than A. italicum,

Arum italicum 'Pictum'
In the U.K., these babies are referred to as "Cuckoo Pint" or "Lords and Ladies". In the US, most gardeners don't even know them. They've been hardy here for many years. Lovely 4-8" silvery marbled leaves, interesting flowers and brilliant clusters of bright red berries in the Autumn.

Aruncus dioicus

Asarum canadense      [Photo: sm med lg]
The East Coast native herbaceous wild ginger has long been a favorite of many a shade garden. I've had foliage as big as your head when grown in rich moist soil with lots of organic matter. Curious flowers produce lots of seeds to soon make an impenetrable mat of snaking rhizomes that will exclude even the most pernicious weeds. The roots can be used as a substitute for the culinary ginger in cooking. [Article: Walking Gingerly through the Woods]

Asarum caudatum      [Photo: sm med lg]
This is the West Coast counterpart to the above and is somewhat similar in form and stature. I must take the time to closely compare the two. [Article: Walking Gingerly through the Woods]

Asclepias tuberosa      [Photo: sm med lg]
Brilliant orange, late Summer blooms over attractive dark green foliage attracts Butterflies and other pollinators. 18-24" tall. Full sun to part shade.

Asimina triloba      [Photo: sm med lg]
[Article: A Tropical Tree for the Temperate Zone]

Asplenium platyneuron
A darling little fern that grows in rich moist woodland conditions, but is adaptable to almost any garden setting that can offer it at least a half day of shade. 3"- 6" tall, slender upright fronds that are a deep dark green.

Aster concolor      [Photo: sm med lg]

Aster 'Purple Dome'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Dick Lighty of The Mount Cuba Center in Greenville Delaware spotted this dwarf form of Aster novae angliae along a Pennsylvania roadside. It blooms in late Summer with dark purple flowers with yellow centers. And instead of the typical 5'-6' height, only reaches 8"-14" tall. Ideal for the front of the border.

Aster tataricus      [Photo: sm med lg]
If you're on the lookout for something to liven up your garden from mid-Autumn to mid-Winter, you need this guy. He's a tall one from the Tatar Mountains in Russia and blooms his head off with medium sky-blue flowers on 5-7 foot stems from October till those killing freezes. Very, very vigorous.

Astrantia 'Shaggy'     [Photo: sm med lg]
Not sure why people make such a big deal about this cultivar of Astrantia major. I don't consider it to be any different than the species, unless my clone is misnamed. However, Astrantia major as a species is a very cool plant and has a place in virtually any garden.

Begonia evansii      [Photo: sm med lg]
A hardy Begonia?? Of course. And although it over winters from the rootstock in zone 5 and possible colder, it is very late to emerge in the Spring and very easy to over plant. Preferring moist shade it'll grow up to 30" tall with pink or white flowers. Bulbils are produced in the axils and drop to the ground to sprout the following year. A colony is formed rather quickly and can be quite dramatic.

Begonia evansii alba      [Photo: sm med lg]

Bergenia ciliata      [Photo: med lg]

Caltha palustris     [Photo: sm med lg]
OOOPS, a lousy picture of a great plat. Remind me sometime to reshoot it in focus. In the meantime, know that although the “Marsh Marigold” loves moisture it grows well in average garden soil. The moister the soil, the more sun she can take.

Camassia scilloides
Star like bluish flowers on a 12" to 18" stem. Full shade to part sun, prefers rich organic soil.

Campanula 'Constellation'      [Photo: sm med lg]
I was given this plant by the man who literally wrote the book on Campanulas, Peter Lewis in the UK. It forms a short (3-6") dense mound of dark green toothed foliage and during the Summer months is covered with pointed starry like deep blue flowers.

Campanula 'Dicksons Gold'
Similar to the above except the foliage is a light golden color and the flowers are pale blue. A delightful combination. Not nearly as strong a grower as C. 'Constellation' as there is a definite lack of chlorophyll, but well worth growing for that highly desirable shade of pale blue.

Campanula 'Dwarf Tornado'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Named in honor of my vertically challenged, yet incredibly dynamic friend, Stephanie Cohen, C. 'Dwarf Tornado' blooms about a month after C. glomerata and is somewhat similar in form, yet much shorter overall. Its deep blue flower last for weeks on 3"-8" plants.

Campanula glomerata 'Joan Elliott'      [Photo: sm med lg]
One of the earliest blooming of all the Bellflowers and easy as pie. Forms a tight colony as it spreads slowly. Rich dark blue flowers on 12"-24" plants. Full sun to part shade.

Campanula takaesimana     [Photo: sm med lg]
A very vigorous visitor from Japan to say the least. Really neat bells in a creamy white with a cranberry tinge at the base. Full sun to part shade, average moisture. Plants are about 12” tall, adding about another 12” while in flower in mid Summer.

Campanula trachellium
Tall spikes of trumpet shaped flowers in mid-Summer. 24"-36" tall. Nice arrow shaped, slightly dentate foliage. Self seeds to form a pleasant colony. Full sun to part shade.

Campanula trachellium 'Bernice'      [Photo: sm med lg]
A double flowered selection of the above described species.


Carex species
There are currently over 150 different Carex species under evaluation here. Many are long time proven plants, but most are species that are not in commercial cultivation anywhere else. Some of the most popular are Carex elata 'Bowles Golden', Carex morrowii var., Carex siderostricta var., Carex flacca, Carex Speciosa 'The Beatles' and Carex muskingumensis. Some of the newer ones are, Carex hordesticha, Carex demissa, Carex divulsa, Carex leporina, Carex flava, Carex phyllocephela, Carex bohemica, Carex sylvatica, Carex frankii, Carex flaccosperma, Carex remota etc. etc.

Virtually every imaginable shape, size and texture is represented. Carex are extremely easy to grow, have a very important place in the garden, and should not be overlooked.

Carex Nigishiki???

Carex chabertii
One of my proudest discoveries! Really sharp looker. Interesting vase like habit of flowing fine textured foliage. Forms a large clump very quickly. Interesting seed heads reach out another ??"" as they flow away from the center of the plant. I have a row in full sun and its doing wonderful. I haven't tried it in shade yet, but it seems that most Carex species are quite adaptable.

Carex conica variegata      [Photo: sm med lg]
Tight little clumps of variegated foliage, completely stable. Great in the front of the sunny border. 3-6" tall and flowing.

Carex elata 'Bowles Golden'      [Photo: sm med lg]

Carex flacca     [Photo: sm med lg]
This fine textured, bluish-green grass-like plant is a very vigorous sedge. It grows equally as in full shade as it does in full sun. Height is 4"-8" and it spreads quickly, but controllably by rhizome.

Carex grayii      [Photo: sm med lg]
An 18-24" tall clump of coarse textured grassy foliage about the same diameter. Prefers, but doesn't demand a moist shady site. Grows well in full sun in average soil. In late Spring and early Summer, curious flowers produce tall stems of mace like seeds heads that are useful green in cut flower arrangements and dry in dried flower arrangements.

Carex hachijoensis 'Evergold'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Of all the variegated Carexes that are coming on the market now, this is the most vibrant. The brilliant variegation seems to be 100% stable. The blades and very wide (????) and the plant forms a nice clump, ????, Full sun or part shade doesn't seem to matter.

Carex muskingumensis      [Photo: sm med lg]
Known as the "Palm Tree Sedge", this Great Lakes native is one of the tallest Carex species in cultivation. It's graceful weeping like foliage and height make it a natural for the middle of a sunny border or as a stand alone statement plant just about anywhere in the garden.

Carex otrubae

Carex phyllocephela

Carex siderosticha variegata     [Photo: sm med lg]
With its wide, almost Hosta-like foliage, this sedge will fill in an area at a medium pace. I love it’s flowing habit and it rally looks good at the edge of a railroad tie or a rock wall. Sun or shade. 100% stable variegation.6” -12” tall.

Carex 'The Beatles'     [Photo: sm med lg]
I know I use the word "Adorable" much too frequently to describe plants, but if you can come up with a better word to describe this adorable little plant, my hat is off to you. This "moppy" plant makes a fine groundcover as its swirly foliage sweeps around, gracefully flowing on the ground below its crown. I’d love to see a whole lawn carpeted in it as it would mean no mowing, the height rarely exceeds 3"-5". Probably showing my age by understanding that this plant was named for "The Fab Four" and I'm sure that some of you weren't even born in 1964 when the Beatles made their debut on the Ed Sullivan show, so bear with me here. Full sun to full shade, moist to average soil, ANOTHER "Idiot Proof" plant.

Caryopteris divaricata

Caulophyllum thalictroides      [Photo: sm med lg]
Lovely bluish green foliage on this East Coast woodland native show off its small but unique yellowish brown flowers in early Spring. The foliage holds up very well as the large dark blue berries mature over the Summer.

Centauria macrocephala      [Photo: sm med lg]
I love the papery feel of the blonde sepals that sheathe and support the brilliant yellow flower.   [Photo of flower: sm med lg] A very easy plant for the mid to back of the sunny border as they can grow from 24"-36" tall.

Chaerophyllum hirsutum roseum      [Photo: sm med lg]
This low growing umbellifer from Europe is a very perennial reliable bloomer. It has nicely dissected foliage and umbels of light pink flowers in early Spring. Height is about 8"-16" tall.

Chamaelirium luteum      [Photo: sm med lg]
12" - 24" spikes of soft fluffy white flowers from a tight basal rosette on this native woodland plant. Male and female flowers are produced on separate plants.

Chelone glabra
The white form of the "Pink Turtlehead".

Chelone lyonii      [Photo: sm med lg]

Chimaphila maculata

Chrysanthemum nipponicum
Who knows anymore?? Chrysanthemum, Leucanthemum, Dendranthemum, the taxonomists have been hard at work confusing us with more revisions. I've always called this cool plant with succulent foliage Chrysanthemum. It has large daisy like flowers in mid to late Summer.

Chrysanthemum Venus     [Photo: sm med lg]
Give this Autumn blooming plant plenty of room because she is a very fast grower. The salmon colored flowers last for weeks at a time when there is not much else going on in the garden. A tall plant at 24” or so. Full sun to part shade.

Cimicifuga japonica
The Asian counterpart of our native listed below is only about 18" - 24" tall, besides being shorter in stature, the leaves resemble a cross between Oak and Maple leaves and are quite lovely. Flower spikes and times are somewhat similar.

Cimicifuga racemosa
Our native "Black Snakeroot" or "Black Cohosh" can grow as tall as 6 feet. I've even seen it shoot up to 9 feet at Rainforest Gardens in British Columbia. I love the fragrance of its long spikes of fluffy white flowers in mid Summer. Easy to grow in full to part shade.

Cimicifuga ramosa 'Brunette'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Slightly shorter than C. racemosa, but taller than C. japonica, the almost black, beautifully dissected foliage of this named cultivar, is a plant that's never failed to stop traffic along the border in my garden, where its comfortably made itself at home. I can't say whether the flowers are whiter than all of the other Cimicifugas, or its just the contrast with the foliage. The flowers even smell more fragrant.

Claytonia caroliniana
Named for one of our early American botanists, John Clayton (1693-1773), who lived in Virginia, "Carolina Spring Beauty" as it is known in these here parts lives up to that common name. One of the earliest of wildflowers, it blooms for weeks in early March before it goes dormant in mid Spring. The flowers are white or pink with darker pink stripes. All Claytonia species prefer rich moist soils and light shade and are tasty additions to that wild foraged salad. C. caroliniana has ovate lanceolate foliage and grows into a plant about 3-6" tall. A good companion plant would be ferns as they start unfurling their fiddle heads around the same time that Claytonia is going beddy bye.

Claytonia sibirica      [Photo: sm med lg]
Unlike our two native, extremely ephemeral, East Coast Claytonias, or as they are appropriately known, "Spring Beauties", what you get here is a remarkable little plant that will just flower itself silly. Beginning in early Spring and going all the way through Summer and into Autumn, not only is the foliage supple and perpetual, but the small pink and white striped flowers just keep on a comin'. Self-seeding is welcomed and not a nuisance. Plants get up to about 6" and prefer moist shade.

Claytonia virginica
Similar in culture and flower as Claytonia caroliniana, but with more elongated and narrow foliage.

Clintonia umbellulata      [Photo: sm med lg]
Let's be adults here and resist all of the Monica Lewinski jokes as we break into discussion of "Clintons Lily" Named for DeWitt Clinton (1769-1828 and a Governor of the State of New York), not Wild Bill Clinton (1946-?) and Prez of the US. Really cool, globular black berries follow umbels of bright white flowers on 6" to 16" stems. This species is stoloniferous and will make a tidy little display clump in just a year or two. She prefers a moist, cool root run in humusy rich soil.

Clematis stans     [Photo: sm med lg]
Small, but adorable little pendulous, violet- lavender flowers in late Summer with recurved petals on a shrubby, erect plant. I got the seeds from the Ofanu Botanic Garden in Kanagawa prefecture Japan. It’s growing very well in full shade under a Dogwood tree. Very interesting.

Clintonia borealis     [Photo: sm med lg]
Similar in stature and habit as Clintonia umbellulata, which is described below. Flowers and goes dormant about a month earlier. Lovely yellow flowers.

Codonopsis lanceolata, ovata etc.      [Photo: sm med lg]
I say etc. here because I'm muddled in a very confused nomenclature situation. It seems that the species that I've been growing as C. ovata is not C. ovata. according to leading Codonopsis authority, Paul Kneebone, it's?????. He doesn't even know but he thinks that its very interesting and unusual. Anyway, what are Codonopsis?? It's a genus of about 32 species of climbing plants in the Campanulaceae family native to Central and Eastern Asia. They seem hardy and easy enough to grow, so stay tuned as this mystery genus unfolds.

Conopholis americana     [Photo: sm med lg]
This is here for educational purposes only as I have tried several times to grow these interesting tree root parasites in the garden with no success. I’ve also ruined a chainsaw chain and bar trying to get the root out of the ground. If anyone has mastered this plant, I’d love to hear about it.

Convallaria montana
Our Native counterpart to the early flowering Spring favorite, "Lily of the Valley". A much more graceful plant when compared to its European cousin, with a graceful arching flower stem. 4-8" tall and sometimes a shy flowerer, but well worth growing.

Coreopsis 'Moonbeam'     [Photo: sm med lg]
One of the easiest plants in the world to grow and a fine plant to boot. Bright yellow flowers over fine textured foliage for weeks in mid Summer. 12” -24 “ tall, full sun to part shade, almost any soil will be tolerated.

Corydalis flexuosa 'China Blue'      [Photo: sm med lg]
I've got a love/hate relationship with this plant. The lovely dissected foliage is quite attractive, the flowers are a blue that gardeners would kill for and the fragrance, oh the fragrance. But I can't seem to keep it alive in the garden. Everyone that I talk to has the same problem, yet they keep buying it year after year by the thousands. I know that it needs moist shade and can tolerate dry during its Summer dormancy, but.... think that most gardeners would do well to grow it as an annual or tender perennial that you bring a small piece of inside for the Winter. It does well in a pot and will increase so rapidly that all of your friends will have a pot before you know it.

Corydalis incisa      [Photo: sm med lg]
An almost indescribable shade of lavender with dark purple tips is the best way that I can describe the flowers of this bulbous, biennial Corydalis species. The foliage is soft and very dissected, somewhat glaucous and kind of delicate. Lament not that it isn't perennial, as it will set copious amounts of shiny black seeds and you will never be without it. Plants are about 8-12" in flower. They seem to do equally as well in sun or shade.

CYCLAMEN


Cyclamen cilicium
A hardy species with flowers somewhat similar to Cyclamen hederifolium and leaves somewhat similar to Cyclamen coum.

Cyclamen coum      [Photo: sm med lg]
Similar to C. hederifolium, described below, with the exception of a more rounded leaf and even more variable flower color, this species flowers after the foliage appears, usually in November in my garden, and continues through the end of the year.

Cyclamen hederifolium      [Photo: sm med lg]
Where do I begin talking about a group of one of the easiest to grow, most misunderstood plants ? If I can only use one word it would be DRAINAGE! Especially during their short Summer dormant period. What other plant gives you beautiful pink and white pendulous flowers in September and Octpber and spectacular silvery mottled, immensely variable foliage all Winter? Plant with the bulbs slightly above soil level under a tree for shade and drainage and you'll soon have a huge colony.

Cymophyllus fraseri      [Photo: sm med lg]
Once at home in the genus Carex, this shade loving, unique plant now has its own monotypic genus. The up to 2" wide 12-24" long dark green, glossy leaves are a great Hosta companion in your rich moist shade garden. In early Spring, they send up interesting large white, fluffy flowers that resemble Sanguisorba.

Cypripedium acaule     [Photo: sm med lg]
Another plant here for educational purposes only. I don't know anyone that has successfully grown this plant in the garden. Seems that there is a primitive mycorhizal fungal relationship with soil fungi. If you see this plant in the wild, enjoy it, but leave it alone.

Cypripedium parviflora pubescens     [Photo: sm med lg]
The small flowered Yellow Lady Slipper is easy to grow in the garden. Although we don't have it in production, we have several friends that offer it. It can be visited in our display gardens in mid Spring.

Cypripedium reginae     [Photo: sm med lg]
The Showy Lady Slipper is easy to grow in the garden. Although we don't have it in production, we have several friends that offer it. It can be visited in our display gardens in mid Spring.

Cyrtanthus elatus
Once known as Vallota speciosa, this Amaryllis family member is a tender perennial that when grown as a houseplant, quickly fills a pot and flowers a couple of times a year with pinkish - Not hardy here in zone 5, in fact I don't know what the hardiness is of this cool little “Houseplant”. We grow it in a 6” pot that it fills in a matter of months, once the pot is full it will commence to flowering several times a year and producing copious amounts of new bulbs that can be easily peeled off and given to friends. Huge, red Amaryllis-shaped flowers last for quite a long time with several flowers per stem.

Cyrtanthus elatus     [Photo: sm med lg]

Delphinium tricorne      [Photo: sm med lg]
A lovely dwarf, ephemeral "Larkspur" for the front of a woodland border. Plants form sort of a mound of dark green dissected foliage and shoot up dark purple flower spikes in early Spring. They never need staking and go dormant after spilling their cargo of seed.

Dentaria diphylla
The common name, "Toothwort" (get it dent=teeth, huh?) is appropriate as the foliage is quite toothed. A very nice clump is formed in full sun or full shade. Pinkish white flowers are held about 3" to 6" above the 12"- 18" plant. Although an early Spring bloomer, the plant hangs around and keeps up its good looks all the growing season long.

Dentaria laciniata
Cousin to the above species, this is a bit more ephemeral. But the foliage is finely dissected and is quite lovely as it whorls itself around the stem.

Deschampsia caespitosa 'Northern Lights'
Interesting clumps of variegated grassy foliage. This is a very new introduction and I haven't had much experience with it, but, as a rule they are idiot proof plants to grow. Rarely reverts. 6"-12" tall.

Dianthus andronatii
Probably the tallest Dianthus species that I have ever imagined. Picture florescent pink flowers atop 36-48" stems emanating from a clump of finely textured, glaucous foliage.

Dianthus japonicus      [Photo of flower: sm med lg]   [Photo of foliage: sm med lg]
Most everyone that's seen this plant has failed miserably in the identification of even its family. With 3" long, 1/2" wide, dark, evergreen, glossy, wax-like foliage, this plant continues to confound and amaze. If that weren't enough, stand back in early Summer as it produces large heads of pink flowers that last for weeks. As with most Dianthus, this species is a perennial, but short-lived plant although it self-sows into a lovely colony and will be around for years.

Dianthus kitabelii      [Photo: sm med lg]
You'd think that you were looking at a difficult to grow, rock garden plant when you see this baby. A 8"-12" cushion of tiny bristly foliage that sends up lotsa 6" stems of extremely fragrant, pure white flowers in late Spring. But noooo, its happy just about anywhere.

Dicentra canadense      [Photo: sm med lg]
Called "Squirrel Corn" by the mountain folk because the little round tubers that they grow from look like corn kernels. It's ephemeral, finely-cut glaucous foliage shows off the interesting creamy white, pendulous, fragrant flowers in early April through mid to late May.

Dicentra cucullaria      [Photo: sm med lg]
Somewhat similar to the above but with larger, very interestingly shaped pendulous flowers. Both species are ideal for the front of the woodland border, but should be interplanted with other types of plants due to their early disappearing act.

Dicentra eximia      [Photo: sm med lg]
This species of Dicentra is more suited to the sunnier areas of the garden. I grow it in full sun and also in a part sun bed. It seems to flower at varying intervals throughout the Summer. Plants grow to about 12-18" and have very interesting pendulous flowers in varying shades of pink and red. Their shiny black seeds are easy to germinate and before you know it you will have an impressive stand.

Digitalis parviflora      [Photo: sm med lg]
A perennial "Foxglove" that grows from a 6"-10" plant with flowing dark green foliage. In early Summer each plant sends up a slender spike of brilliant yellow, small pendulous flowers. It flowers for quite an extended period and will self seed graciously to form a lovely colony.

Diphylleia cymosa
Stand back and give this fellow some room, especially if your soil is moist and rich. Impressive, large scalloped leaves on 18-24" stems. Small white flowers in early Spring followed by dark berries. Foliage holds up well all season long. Prefers cool, really moist shade, but will do well in the average shade garden.

Disporopsis pernyii      [Photo: sm med lg]
Very interesting plant from the Himalayas. The two clones that we are producing are from Elizabeth Strangman at Washfield Nursery in Kent, England. One has clear white pendulous Disporum like flowers below the horizontally weeping sprays of dark green glossy foliage and the other form has dark stripes on the flowers. Plants grow to ??" tall and form a clump of 6-12 plants in a year or two.

Disporum lanuginosum
Nodding greenish yellow bell shaped flowers on a 12" 36" plant in mid Spring. light green, deeply veined foliage. Neat orange berries in late Summer through Autumn. Loves moist woodland conditions.

Disporum maculatum      [Photo: sm med lg]
What a great delight for very early Spring. Creamy white, frilly flowers festooned with fine chocolate speckles. After the flowers set seed the plant is adorned with pendulous red berries. Plants are 12-18" tall and prefer average to moist woodland conditions.

Disporum sessile variegata
Similar in habit and cultural requirements to the above Disporum species. However this variegated form of the Asian species is sort af aggressive. The drier the soil the less vigorously it will behave.

Diuranthera major      [Photo: sm med lg]
A hardy "Spider Plant"??? Yep, not only is this Chlorophytum (Hanging basket house plant) relative, hardy from the rootstock, but it will seed around and form a really cool colony of plants with long narrow foliage and thick stems of unusual white flowers with yellow anthers.

Dodecatheon meadia
Fragrant, white pendulous flowers resemble "Shooting Stars", hence the common moniker. A very early Spring bloomer fades away into the sunset once the upfacing capsules of seeds ripen to a rich brown color. This Primrose relative is very easy to grow from seed. Flower stalks emanate from a basal rosette and reach up 12-18". A large colony is quite a statement.

Dodecatheon meadia alba     [Photo: sm med lg]

Dorycnium hirsutum
Soft, silvery, furry foliage grace this sun loving, drought tolerant Mediterranean native. In the late Summer it is covered with pinkish white flowers. I'm not 100% confident about the hardiness, although it may have been in too moist a location to survive more than a few years.
Drosera rotundifolia     [Photo: sm med lg]
While carnivorous plants are not currently in our repertoire, I couldn't resist showing you this adorable little “Sundew” This was photographed in a bog of billions of them at the “Dolly Sods’, a great natural area here in WV.

Echinacea purpurea

Echinops 'Arctic Glow'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Large white globular flowers on 24-30" stems. The lower part of the foliage starts getting a little ratty in mid Summer as the plant comes into flower. I recommend planting it in mid border so that something a little shorter can skirt the lower part of the plant.

Erythronium americanum      [Photo: sm med lg]
The first Wildflower that I learned when I moved to West Virginia and started exploring the woods around my farm. Brilliant yellow nodding flowers over supple, interestingly mottled foliage. Blooms March through April. 3-6" tall. Full shade to part sun.

Euonymus fortuneii 'Kewensis'
Adorable little "micro foliage" on a creepy crawly little plant that's a perfect ground cover in a rock garden or just about anywhere.

Eupatorium cannabinum 'Flore Plena'      [Photo: sm med lg]
This European "Joe Pye Weed" has lovely Marijuana-like foliage, unfortunately without the THC. We'll bail you out if you get busted with it, but no matter how naive your local fuzz is, when they see the double pink flowers that are sterile and last for weeks and weeks they'll ????????????.

Eupatorium fistulosum      [Photo: sm med lg]

Euphorbia 'Chameleon'
Dark burgundy foliage provides a great foil for the small yellow flowers on a 12" -24" plant. Self seeding can be a slight nuisance, but the seedlings pull up very easily.

Euphorbia griffithii 'Fireglow'      [Photo: sm med lg]      [Photo of flower: sm med lg]
Give this baby plenty of room as it loves to sprawl. The brilliant orange Poinsettia like flowers seemingly last for months as they slowly fade. Good cut flower.

x Euphorbia 'Jessie'      [Photo: sm med lg]
An interspecific cross between E. griffithii 'Fireglow' and E. polychroma with the best attributes of both in a totally different and unique plant. Erect stems up to 36" with brilliant yellow bracts, so intense that the color bleeds on to the upper leaves. But....the real kicker is the bright perfectly formed orange margin around each of the bracts. In tissue culture now, and multiplying quite well, thank you, it will be available to flower for you this Summer in limited quantity. Click for further information.

Euphorbia myrsinites      [Photo: sm med lg]
The bluish/green sprawling stems of this spurge resemble the old favorite house plant "Burros Tail". Brilliant flowers are produced in early Spring at the tip of each stem. I let it seed around the garden and who knows where it will pop up, wherever it does, it's welcome.

Euphorbia polychroma      [Photo: sm med lg]

Festuca 'Golden Toupee'
Soft golden yellow mounds of fine textured grassy foliage in the full sun. Slightly greener in the shade. 3-6". Average moisture.

Festuca armoricana
The "Breton Fescue" The common name was all the information that I could locate on this plant that seems to be a British native. It's really fine, "Angel Hair Pasta" like texture is a graceful addition to the front of a border. In full sun plants attain a height of about 6-9". The tan flowers in mid Summer are very interesting.

Galax urceolata
Full shade to part dun for this acid-loving East Coast native. Large, evergreen, glossy leaves and cool white flower spikes in mid Spring. Lovely fall color.

Galtonia candicans      [Photo: sm med lg]
There are three species in this South African genus, this is the most prolific. They're all easy to grow. The 8-12" long 2" wide leaves produce a 24-36 " flower spike with many pendulous white flowers in mid Summer. Full sun to part shade seems fine. Self-sown seedlings make an attractive display over the years.

Galtonia viride
Actually my favorite species in the genus. This is a smaller plant than the above, only growing 12-18" tall. Its pendulous flowers are a soft olive green color.

Gentiana fetisowii
A medium sized, 12-18" and somewhat sprawling Gentian from India I believe. A reliable, blue flowering plant for part sun and average moisture.

Gentiana tibetica      [Photo: sm med lg]
Large, strapping foliage holds up well all season and doesn't seem to garner interest from our slimy, sluggy friends. Makes a good Hosta companion. Unusual, smoky topaz flowers look good even after they are done blooming in mid-Summer.

Geranium 'Biokovo'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Copious amounts of pinkish white flowers in late Spring and then sporadically throughout the growing season over attractive somewhat dissected foliage. A former Perennial Plant Association plant of the Year.

Geranium macrorhizum 'Spessart'
This is a very fast growing selection of the species. The large foliage is fragrant and its dark purple flowers are produced in abundance. Full sun to part shade

Geranium maculatum      [Photo: sm med lg]
Our native woodland Geranium flowers in mid Spring to early Summer. It grows well in just about any soil in just about any location. The variable colored flowers range from magenta to purple on 12-18" plants. I'm on the trail of an elusive white form. Stay tuned kids.

Geranium'Walters Gift'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Very interesting garnet markings on the foliage make this a very worthwhile plant to grow even if it didn't have lovely pink and white flowers. Quick to form a nice clump and happy in full sun to part shade.

Geum 'Georgenburg'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Imagine Apricot flowers held close to attractive, evergreen foliage and you'll know this plant. In a year, you'll have a 12" clump from a 2" pot.

Gladiolus 'Green Queen'      [Photo: sm med lg]
My own selection and somewhat similar to the below described, interspecific cross. Lime green flowers, perhaps the tiniest bit showier (I hesitated to use the word gaudy as this is how I feel about most of the modern hybrids) than the species.

Gladiolus x gandavensis
In 1826 in the town of LeMoine France, Louis Van Houte crossed two species, Gladiolus natalensis with Gladiolus oppositiflorus and created the first Gladiola hybrid. What a great feat had he accomplished. For all of the amazing and sometimes gaudy hybrids that followed, this, IMHO (in my humble opinion) is still the best. A 2" pot makes a 12"-18" clump in less than 2 years of graceful iris-like foliage. In mid-Summer, dozens of 24" stems are graced with the softest yellow flowers painted with a delicate red blush in the throat. And to top all this off, its been hardy outside for over 10 years in my brutal zone 5 garden. WOW!!!

Goodyera pubescens      [Photo: sm med lg]
A cute little woodland orchid species with beautiful, silvery veined foliage and interesting spikes of small white flowers.

Hedera helix 'Gold Heart'      [Photo: sm med lg]
You won't mind pruning out an occasional reversion to all green when you see how this English Ivy cultivar glows in the shade with its golden leaf hearts. It's been quite hardy for me for well over 10 years now.

Hedera helix 'Congesta
One of the weirdest plants that I've ever grown. This erect "English Ivy" has the tiniest of leaves that are so close together, you can't even see the stem. I've never grown it outside so I can't attest to its hardiness. Though, it just may be. It is however a plant that's sure to arouse a conversation.

Hedera helix 'Japan'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Not really sure about the hardiness of this one either. Dan Heims gave me a piece of this Japanese named cultivar several years ago. I planted it outside one year and it didn't make it. I haven't gotten around to trying it again, but it makes a great hanging basket plant with its beautiful creamy white variegation.

Hedera helix 'Treetop'
This is the adult form of the species. Named by Richard Davis of Ivy Farm several years ago. It is shrub-like in appearance and supposedly hardy to zone 5. Interesting flowers and dark black berries on a 24-36" plant.

Hedyotis caerulea      [Photo: sm med lg]
Ahhhh, "Bluets". Formerly Houstonia caerulea. You can give her a new name, but she's still just as sweet as ever. Creamy blue flowers from a tight little clump in the very early Spring. Flowers shoot up about 6-9" from the basal clump. Full sun or part shade.

HELLEBORUS

Hellebores are a specialty of the house. See Focus on Hellebores for articles and picture galleries of plants in our large-scale Helleborus x hybridus breeding program as well as Helleborus species.


Hemerocallis 'Autumn Minaret'
In my quest to build a pure species collection of the genus Hemerocallis, there has been one stumbling block, H. altissima, however on that journey, I've met a lovely plant along the way. It seems every time someone sends me a purported H. altissima, its really a lovely cultivar of her named "Autumn Minaret". She Flowers very late in the season with 6' tall flower scapes bearing yellowish orange outfacing flowers and blooming over a long period.

Hemerocallis 'Star Dream'
My favorite yellow cultivar may not seem that dramatic as far as some of the newer tetraploid daylillies go, but its a very reliable bloomer with copious amounts of bright yellow, somewhat fragrant flowers that come out at just the right angle to get into your face and grab your attention. A good cultivar to put in mid border as it gets up to about 36" in flower.

Hemerocallis 'Sunshine Spectaculars'
From the fields of one of the most famous Daylily breeders in all the world, these unnamed cultivars, mostly diploids and tetraploids come in an array of colors that cover the entire daylily spectrum. Many plants are worthy of naming by current standards. Their reasonable price make them a good choice for mass planting.

Hemerocallis thunbergii
What a great Daylily species! SIX FOOT tall flower stems with brilliant yellow FRAGRANT, day-blooming flowers! What more needs to be said about this one, huh?

Hepatica acutiloba
Ohhhh, the Hepaticas, probably my favorite early Spring flowers, very early, very robust, yet at the same time very delicate. The first reminders of what is to come in the woods and meadows.

Hepatica acutiloba is very easy to distinguish from its sister species Hepatica americana, by its three-lobed sharply pointed leaves. White to blue flowers with all shades in between last for weeks. Full shade to part sun, moist but well draining soil. 6-12" tall.

Hepatica americana
Similar to the above species except differing in the shape of its rounded leave tips. I've noticed slightly more marbling patterns in the foliage of this species. Culture is identical to the above.

Heuchera 'Oakington Jewel'      [Photo: sm med lg] [Photo foliage: sm med lg]
This is one of the first, if not THE first named Heucheras. Bred in the 1930's by world famous plantsman Alan Bloom of Bressingham Gardens in the UK, this gem not only has the beautifully-marbled foliage similar to the newer hybrids, but the flowers, which on most of the newer hybrids kinda suck, are a deep shade of reddish pink and are useful as a cut flower.

Heuchera 'Raspberry Regal'      [Photo: sm med lg]
This plant is a great mystery as far as its origins go. It was discovered by a great plantsman named Larry Englerth up in Hopkins, MI, but he died before he could share its past with us. Great foliage, but the real treat is the pencil thick, 18" -24" stems of Raspberry-colored, sterile flowers that last for weeks and weeks.

Heucherella 'Bridgette Bloom'

Heucherella 'Rosalee'

Hexastylis arifolium      [Photo: sm med lg]
Huge, philodendron like arrow-shaped leaves with variable patterns of silver markings. Quite a dramatic shade loving plant. This native evergreen ginger has upright jug like flowers in great numbers when the clump matures to a diameter of 6-8". Height is also about 6"-8". [Article: Walking Gingerly through the Woods]

Hexastylis europaeum      [Photo: sm med]
Probably better known as Asarum europaeum, and probably the easiest of all the "Evergreen Gingers" to grow. Its glossy evergreen foliage bears adorable little cup like flowers in the early Spring. Makes a good-sized clump quickly and will self seed itself into an attractive colony in just a few years. [Article: Walking Gingerly through the Woods]

Hexastylis shuttleworthii      [Photo: sm med lg]
"Shuttleworth's Ginger" is an East Coast species with variable, roundish sometimes cordate foliage, beautifully-marbled with silver veining. In early Spring its center is filled with unique, darkly marbled cup like flowers. [Article: Walking Gingerly through the Woods]

Hexastylis splendens      [Photo: sm med lg]
If the dramatic 7" long, 3" wide silvery mottled foliage wasn't enough, wait till you see the beautifully bizarre silver dollar sized flowers. A very prolific rhizomatus spreader, this plant brightens up the shade and is a real conversation starter in any garden. [Article: Walking Gingerly through the Woods]

Hexastylis virginica      [Photo: sm med lg]
Round, almost cordate, tough, leathery silver streaked and mottled evergreen foliage make this native ginger stand out in the shade garden. Quick to make a nice 8"-12" clump in the deepest of shade. Interesting little flowers in early Spring. 3"-6" in height. [Article: Walking Gingerly through the Woods]

Hosta laevigata      [Photo: sm med lg]
Recently discovered in Korea, this species was selling for $200 in 1996. The clone that we are producing was selected by George Schmid, the man who literally wrote the book on Hosta. It is currently sold out at Naylor Creek Hostas on the West Coast, where it was selling it for $75.00. Now just because a plant is expensive, it doesn't always hold true that it has garden merit. Hosta laevigata, however, does! The undulation on its long strapping, glossy leaves alone make this species very desirable. It forms a large display very quickly and produces many stems of star like, violet flowers. We are pleased to be the first grower to make this wonderful plant available and affordable.

Hosta 'Pauls Glory'

Hosta 'Pacific Blue Edger'

Hosta 'Stiletto'

Hosta ventricosa
Probably the first species of Hosta to be introduced into the United States back in the mid 1800's.

Hosta 'Vera Verde'

Hydrastis canadensis

Hymenocallis occidentalis

Hypoxis hirsuta      [Photo: sm med lg]
Dainty, dime- to quarter-sized, primrose yellow Amaryllis type flowers over hirsute grass like foliage on 6"-12" plants. Full sun to part shade. Flowers in early Summer and then sporadically throughout the growing season.

Hystrix patula
I'd read about this wonderful ornamental grass for the shade in several books, but it wasn't until Dale Hendricks of North Creek Nurseries and I were hiking the mountain on my farm that I found out that it was growing all over my woods.

Iris cristata      [Photo: sm med lg]
The native "Crested Iris" forms a tight mass of ground covering Iris foliage in part sun to full shade. I've never seen a plant with such variable colored flowers. From light pale blue to the deepest almost purple color. Blooms last quite a while on short (3"-6") plants. Several named cultivars exist, but our selections provide a range of the entire spectrum of available colors.

Iris foetidissima

Iris foetidissima 'Albo fructa'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Awesome, huge, alabaster white berries in split open upfacing triangular seed pods instead the usual red ones. Very vigorous grower. 8"-12" tall. Full sun to full shade, this plant is very easy to please.

Iris foetidissima variegata

Iris japonica 'Aphrodite'
100% stable variegation

Iris setosa      [Photo: sm med lg]

Iris verna

Iris virginica 'Tetraploid Form'      [Photo: sm med lg]
What a monster plant, a 4" pot makes a 12"-18" clump in a year with 3-6 new full size plants. In early Summer, a bounty of delicate blue, slightly fragrant flowers are produced in copious quantities and last a while they do as they are sterile.

Isopyrum biternatum
Somewhat similar to Anemonella thalictroides and flowering about the same time (early Spring). Flowers somewhat resemble Hepatica, no surprise here as they are members of the same family, Ranunculaceae. It's about 3-6" tall and more delicately dissected than Anemonella thalictroides. It prefers a somewhat moist soil and part to full shade.

Jeffersonia diphylla      [Photo: sm med lg]
Named in honor of Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States, this early Spring flowering plant has charming white, ephemeral flowers and set a unique seed pod that resembles a little hooded pouch. The plant itself however is not ephemeral at all and provides great foliage in part to full shade all Summer. The common name is "Twinleaf" because of its attractive double leaf structure. Plants are moderate( 12-18") in height and will soon form a colony from self seeding.

Jeffersonia dubia

Juncus effusis spiralis
What a novel little cutie. This form of Juncus has the tightest little coils of wiry foliage. It is a moisture loving plant and will do well around a pond in a bog or in good rich, moist garden soil.

Kalimeris yomena Aurea
Very stable variegation on this 6-12" tall Aster relative. Kind of aggressive in full sun, but by no means a problem. In late Summer, lavender-blue Aster-like flowers make a stunning appearance.

Kniphofia thompsonii snowdenii      [Photo: sm med lg]
Even my bulb hero, world renowned expert, Brent Heath, was fooled by this unusual plant. He thought it was an undiscovered Lachenalia or Watsonia species. It is a rhizomatus species from South Africa that sports attractive foliage, but the flowers, oh my, 5 to 6 foot stems of weeping pale orange trumpets about 1" apart. Quickly spreads to form a stunning display.

Lamiastrum galeobdolon 'Hermann's Pride'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Silvery mottled foliage with bright yellow flowers in early Spring make this mint relative a very useful ground cover. It will fill in an area quickly in full shade to full sun and has never gotten out of hand. I have it sprawling out from under a bench and it looks great.

Liatris pycnostachya alba
The pure white form of a species native to ???
Liatris scariosa

Ligularia sachalinensis      [Photo: sm med lg]

Lilium superbum      [Photo: sm med lg]

Lindera benzoin

Lobelia cardinalis
Named for the fact that the shape and color of the flowers resemble the miter of a Cardinal. A moisture loving plant that occurs naturally along moist stream beds. It'll do just fine in average garden soil and flower brilliantly in late Summer on 16-60" stems. In the garden of Kathleen Kust, a Washington, DC area Landscape designer, I've discovered a colony of reds to pinks to pure white. The pure white clone appears to have much larger flowers than the species and we currently have it in propagation. In addition, we are growing seeds from plants within the colony to select a complete range of colors from red to white. Stay tuned folks.

Lobelia siphilitica
Formerly reputed to be a cure for Syphilis, these tall, blue late Summer flowering plants make an interesting addition to the middle of the herbaceous border. Full sun or part shade, they do well in average to moist garden soil. 12-24" tall.

Lobelia 'Compliment Scarlet'

Lonicera sempervirens 'Holbrook'      [Photo: sm med lg]

Luzula multiflora
Forming tight, dense 6" clumps very quickly, this wood rush would be a great garden addition even if it didn't sport a bouquet of soft, fluffy chestnut brown flowers in late Spring.

Lysimachia ciliata atropurpurea      [Photo: sm med lg]

Lysimachia clethroides

Lysimachia nummularia aurea      [Photo: sm med lg]
One of my favorite ground covers. I use its bright yellow foliage as a foil for Ophiopogon planiscapus nigrescens and things like blue Hostas. It's quick to fill in an area, but by no means invasive.

Maianthemum canadense      [Photo: sm med lg]
Sometimes referred to as "False Lily of the Valley" for its diminutive resemblance to its namesake. Only about 3-6" tall and flowering in mid Spring with cute little white flowers. Full shade to part sun. Stoloniferously forms a nice colony.

Marshallia grandiflora      [Photo: sm med lg] [Photo flower: sm med lg]
Deep pink silver dollar-sized flowers with black anthers over luscious foliage on a plant that is so rare that its on the federally endangered list. I've grown it in full sun and in full shade for years and it always performs well. It seems to favor the sunnier location a tad. Easy to propagate from seed or division. There are several other Marshallia species that I am evaluating and hope to introduce shortly.

Matteuccia struthiopteris-
The Ostrich Fern as it is commonly known is probably one of the tallest growing ferns that occurs naturally in the Eastern US. It's tall, dark green fronds can reach up to 6 feet in the wet marshy soil that it calls home in the wild. In the garden, it usually reaches 4 to 5 feet. It grows well in part shade top full sun and spreads rather quickly by underground rhizomes.

Mazus miqueliana
A white flowered species similar in culture, size, shape and form to the species listed below.

Mazus reptans      [Photo: sm med lg]
It's hard to describe the interesting shape and coloration of these unique flowers with purple speckles. There's really nothing to compare them to. A quickly spreading ground cover for sun or shade. Fast but not invasive. Flowers in late Spring to early Summer.

Meconopsis cambrica

Medeola virginiana      [Photo: sm med lg]
"Indian Cucumber Root" is quite the appropriate common name for this Liliaceae plant. I can verify with first hand knowledge that the small white fleshy tubers really do taste like cucumbers. I love how the foliage whorls around the stem in layers, increasing in number as the plant matures. Easy to grow in full shade to part sun. Small yellowish green flowers produce black berries in the autumn that look really cool over the yellowing foliage. 8-12" tall, moist woodland conditions.

Meehania cordata      [Photo: sm med lg]
One of the coolest little ground covers. Even though its in the Lamiaceae family, its not aggressive or invasive. Dark green, slightly glossy, 1" cordate leaves are somewhat evergreen. In the early to mid Spring, lavender 1" trumpet like flowers persist over a long period. One of its greatest merits is that it will practically grow in the dark. This makes it especially useful in those foreboding dark corners of the garden where you haven't been able to sustain any plant life.

Mertensia virginica      [Photo: sm med lg]
Heralds of Spring, its pink buds open into beautiful flowers in an indescribable shade of pale blue and make a wonderful mass if you plant them in a colony. Easy to grow and quick to flower, but also quick to depart. Best interplanted with ferns that come up a little later to fill in the void. Full shade to part sun, they get up to about 12-24".

Mitchella repens
An interesting evergreen groundcover that has pairs of dimorphic (dissimilar) white flowers united at the base and bear red berries in the Autumn. The 4-12" trailing stems root at the nodes in moist rich soul and produce a mat like groundcover. The common name "Partridgeberry" comes from the fact that small birds such as partridges eat the berries, duh?

Oenothera 'Cold Crick'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Brilliant yellow, day blooming flowers are so prolific that you can't even see the plant underneath them. This dwarf, non invasive, native "Evening Primrose" was discovered by Polly Rowley at her Middleburg VA, Cold Crick Farm. It forms a clump about 8-12" in diameter and has the most adorable tiny leaves. It has all of the merits of a well-behaved useful garden plant in a genus of usual misfits.

Omphalodes verna

Ophiopogon 'Jaburan'

Ophiopogon 'Kisima Fukiauma'

Ophiopogon planiscapus nigrescens      [Photo: sm med lg]
Smooth black lily-like foliage flows gracefully from this interesting little plant. Looks great in the front of the border and when underplanted with Lysimachia nummularia aurea. 3-6" tall, full sun to part shade. Comes 70-80% true from seed.

Origanum vulgaris aurea

Origanum 'Herrenhausen'

Origanum'Hopley's Purple'

Origanum 'Wellsweep'
The stable, uniform variegation on this somewhat prostrate form of Oregano brighten up the front of a sunny border or rock garden. It prefers well drained, but not too dry soil.

Ornithogalum umbellatum
Some folks consider this visitor from Europe and naturalized bulb, a weed, but I've always found it to be well-behaved in my garden. Its 4" to 10" tall, supple grass-like foliage makes a nice clump and the starry white flowers are always welcome in mid to late Spring.

Osmunda cinnamomea
Ahhhh, the Osmunda gang, my favorite genus of ferns.

Osmunda claytoniana

Osmunda regalis

Oxalis violaceae      [Photo: sm med lg]

Oxalis violaceae alba

Pachysandra procumbens      [Photo: sm med lg]
I could go on for miles here about my favorite groundcover for the shade. This plant for all seasons has the most interesting fragrant, white spikes of flowers in early Spring and light, almost olive-green foliage all Summer. [Photo of foliage: sm med lg] Virtually untouched by insects and disease, it begins to pick up a silvery sheen by early Autumn and by the middle of Autumn, look out, every plant has a different pattern of the most brilliant silvery mottling. [Photo of fall foliage: sm med lg] Not at all invasive like its Asian cousin.

Pachysandra terminalis
It slowly makes a very distinct and sophisticated appearance in any garden. Great around trees, or alone in the border or bed. [Article: An exception to a rule]

Pachysandra terminalis variegata
Not at all invasive like its green brethren, and extremely stable in its coloration. A slow growing ground cover with medium (4" to 6") height and texture.

Panax quinquefolius      [Photo: sm med lg]
"Ginseng" is quite easy to grow in light to deep shade. It's quite an attractive ornamental plant. The dark green, palmately divided foliage whorls around its stout stem. In early Spring it produces an umbel of greenish/yellow flowers that turn to deep ruby red berries as the seasons head toward Autumn. Plants grow from 6" to 18" tall.

Peltiphyllum peltatum      [Photo: sm med lg]
This native of the Pacific Northwestern parts of the US is one of the largest foliage plants that we can grow in our temperate climate. Even before the huge foliage emerges, large drumsticks of pink flowers appear. Appreciating, but not requiring moist soil, this plant will make a massive clump 3 feet tall by 3 feet wide in no time at all.

Penstemon 'Ruby Tuesday'      [Photo: sm med lg]
OOOPS, somebody made a big mistake and it tweren't me. Many of our unusual introductions come from seed exchanges from the many societies that we are members of. When I read the description of Penstemon eriantheros, a West Coast native in the Penstemon Society Seed Exchange List, it piqued my interest. Turned out to be the darkest ruby red selection of Penstemon digitalis that anyone has ever seen, almost black! And the flowers, HUGE, white with a bluish blush. Plants average 18"-24". Very easy to grow.

Phlomis sp.      [Photo: sm med lg]
I collect the seeds for this strain from a bed where several species i.e. P. fruticosa, P. samia, P. russelliana, and P. orientale grow. I suspect that there is also some interspecific shenanigans going on as the resulting seedlings produced are extremely vigorous and make an impressive display of 24" - 36" candelabras with several tufts of soft yellow flowers ringing the stem in early Summer.

Phlox buckleyii

Phlox divaricata      [Photo: sm med lg]
Fragrant flowers in varying shades of blue are an early Spring treat in the woodland garden. There are several named forms of this plant, but I prefer the diversity of the species. Plants are about 6" to 18" inches tall and can take part sun to full shade.

Phlox 'Jeana'

Phlox 'Morris Berd'
Now here's a great plant surrounded by a great controversy that I haven't had the time to sort out. All I know is this Phlox is as wonderful as the person whose honor it was named for, my friend Morris Berd, a gentleman and scholar who gardens for over a half century on 17 acres in Media PA. The large pink flowers on this 12-18" plant are stunning. The plant itself is trouble free and has no powdery mildew or any other disease or insect problems. The controversy stems from the fact that Charles and Martha Oliver of Primrose Path Nursery in Scottdale Pa and Don Hackenberry of Appalachian Wildflowers in Reidsville Pa, all of whom I love, admire, respect and revere, disagree as to the species of the plant. The Olivers insist on Phlox pulchra and Hackenberry says Phlox glaberrima

I ain't getting in the middle of this one. I'll keep you posted as the dust settles. But whatever the name is, this is certainly a plant well worth growing.

Phlox stolonifera
Again, a Phlox species that's had many wonderful cultivars named over the years. We provide the straight and not so variable species with early Summer blooming, deep pink flowers. I don't know where people have discovered all the different colors, ranging from pure white to purple, because all the colonies that I've cruised here in the mountains are identically colored. It spreads along the ground by stolons and plants its little rosettes here and there. Flowers stems are about 6" to 8" tall.

Phuopsis stylosa      [Photo: sm med lg]
In the Rubiaceae family and closely related to Galium is this indispensable ground cover. A Mediterranean plant, all of the books that I've read say to give it hot, dry baking soil, but I've been growing it in a rich, moist, shady bed for over 10 years. Atop each of the 8"-16" ferny type fronds is a large cluster of medium pink flowers in mid Summer and sporadically thereafter. [Photo of flowers: sm med lg]

Pleioblastus distichus 'Okanazusa' ???

Pleioblastus distichus variegata

Podophyllum peltatum

Polemonium paucifolia      [Photo: sm med lg]
Fernlike in foliage and very delicate. Bright yellow trumpet like flowers that are a whopping 2-4" long. Plant height is 6-12". Readily sets seed for future generations.

Polemonium van Bruntiaea

Polemonium yezoense      [Photo: sm med lg]

Polygonatum biflorum
Similar to the species described below, but much shorter, only reaching about 6-36" in height.

Polygonatum canaliculatum
The common name "Great Solomons Seal" hits the mark with this tallboy. In the perfect location these tall giants can get raise their heads over 6 feet. Pendulous, greenish-white flowers produced in early Spring and turn to dark berries as the seasons flow to Autumn. Part sun to full shade, moist rich soil is preferred for optimum growth.

Polygonatum 'Grace Barker'

Polygonatum pubescens
Somewhat similar to the above species, but a much shorter stature, 12-36" in height.

Poteranthus trifoliatus      [Photo: sm med lg]
I love the frilly, wispy white flowers on this almost shrub like, 24-36" tall, native plant. It can be found growing in the wild on semi-shady road banks. In the garden its happy in part shade to full sun and flowers in late Spring to mid Summer.

Primula 'Barnhaven Mixed'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Without a doubt, the best of all the x polyanthus primula (a cross between Primula veris and Primula vulgaris). These strains were developed by Florence Bellis in Bellingham Washington in the 1920's through the 1950's. When she retired in the 1950's, she passed along the torch to Jared and Sylvia Sinclair in the UK, who just recently passed it again to Angela Bradford in France. The colors, vigor and overall appearance of the plants are beyond description except to say that the color range covers the entire spectrum. We grow over 100 of the 600+ strains and offer them as a mix. As time permits, we will be offering them by color and shade. Plants prefer full shade in warmer areas of the US, but can take full sun in the North and in the higher elevations. The plants are evergreen for me and flower very early in the Spring.

Primula pulverentula 'Bartley's Strain'
A selected strain of Primula pulverentula, a species in the Candelabra section of the family Primulaceae. Very closely related to Primula japonica, but seems to require less shade and moisture and produces similar, but larger flowers, (See Primula japonica below)

Primula 'Copper Kettle'      [Photo: sm med lg] Our own selection of Primula x polyanthus with the deepest copper coloring. The color holds up well over a long period of bloom in early Spring.

Primula japonica      [Photo: sm med lg]
A quite variable species in colors ranging from pure white to deep red and every color in between. "Candelabra" like stems of whorls of color are produced in early to mid Summer and can reach heights of 12" to 24" and taller. Plants require part to full shade and good moist soil. Self seeding will occur to make a fantastic display.

Primula japonica 'Miller's Crimson'
A selection of the above described species with very deep Crimson colored flowers.

Primula japonica 'Postford White'
Another selection of Primula japonica with very large, pure white flowers.

Primula pulverentula 'Bartley's Strain'
I've grown other members of the Proliferae series of the Primulaceae family and they've all performed well given lots of shade and moisture. Now comes this wonderful strain of the species pulverentula, that holds up well even under drier, brighter conditions. From a basal rosette, in late Spring, early Summer, comes 24"-36" candelabras with 3-8 rings of Primrose flowers in shades of white, pink, magenta and red and every shade in between. They will self-sow into a striking communal display over the course of a year or two.

Primula seiboldii      [Photo: sm med lg]

A cult has formed around these Primroses in Japan and even in the US, a Society has been formed to disseminate information, trade seeds and share new strains and cultivars. Probably one of the most carefree Primroses to grow, I grow it in every imaginable condition from full sun to full shade and they do equally as well. 3- 6" plants with 12" flowers spikes of varying colors from whites to soft pinks and everything between. Fun!

Primula seiboldii 'Snowflake'

Primula 'Orange Sunshine'

Primula 'Vivid'      [Photo: sm med lg]

Pulmonaria 'Blue Ensign      [Photo: sm med lg]

Reineckea carnea
Interesting little (3"-6") tall plant in the Liliaceae family. Glossy rich supple foliage and interesting flesh pink flowers that become cool berries. Quick to multiply. Can't comment on the hardiness yet as I haven't had a chance to plant it out. Jelitto and Schacht observe that in order to survive the Winter, they need a hot dry Summer location to harden off. This is one of those plants that would be easy enough to pull in a little piece and grow as a house plant over the Winter just in case.

Rhexia virginica
Curious outfacing pink flowers with large yellow anthers

Rhodea japonica

Rhodea japonica variegata

Rhodea japonica cristata

Rosa glauca rubrifolia

Rubus calcynoides      [Photo: sm med lg]
What a great, impenetrable to weeds, groundcover this Himalayan species makes. With its stippled, textured, ivy shaped foliage and very vigorous growth, you'd be hard pressed to find a better plant to cover a large area quickly.

Rubus odorata      [Photo: sm med lg]

Sanguinaria canadensis      [Photo: sm med lg]
One of the first and showiest of the early Spring bloomers, "Bloodroot" as it is called because of its red sap, has 2-3" large, ephemeral white flowers. Grows well in part shade to full sun and produces a seed capsule that will spill its cargo around your garden to produce a nice little colony.

Sanguinaria canadensis 'Multiplex'
The "Double' form of the above described species.

Sanguisorbia tenuifolia atropurpurea      [Photo: sm med lg]   [Photo of foliage: sm med lg]
Virtually no insect, pest or disease problems on this shrub like perennial. It forms a huge clump about 12" in diameter the first year and doubles the following year. Height is about 4 feet, extending another foot when flowering. Native to Korea and Manchuria, it can be found on moist stream and riverbanks. I've grown it successfully in every type of light and soil condition. In late Summer its covered with 3" pendulous, dark purple flowers on 12" wiry stems.

Saponaria 'Max Frei'

Saruma henryi

Sasa japonica

Sasa veitchii

Saxifraga cuscutiformis

Saxifraga fortuneii 'Beni Fuji'
Wait till you see the foliage on this baby, somewhat Heuchera like but covered with the neatest red hairs. Juicy and supple, emerging a light green with purplish tinges on the margins and then acquiring ruby highlights. In late Autumn, deep pink 1" flowers with bright yellow anthers appear. Part shade to full sun. 8-12".

Saxifraga micranthidifolia

Saxifraga stolonifera      [Photo: sm med lg]

Saxifraga veitchiana ???

Saxifraga virginiensis      [Photo: sm med lg]

Schizostylis coccinea cvs      [Photo: sm med lg]
I say cultivars because we've mixed up two of them, 'Sunrise' and 'Oregon Sunset'. A third, 'Big Mama' is safe and sound. This Iris family member is quick to form a huge clump with very long, graceful Iris foliage up to 36". It flowers late in the year (Sep - Oct) with very lovely oriental looking flowers in pinks and reds. If you can't wait until we sort out the two cultivars, we'll give you a great deal at your guess.

Scilla 'Excelsior'
Scilla 'Queen of the Pinks'

Scilla scilloides      [Photo: sm med lg]
This Japanese native bulbous plant provides attractive lily like foliage all the growing season long. In September its 3"-6", rounded spike of deep pink flowers brighten up its surroundings. Plenty of seeds are set each season ensuring the development of a large colony. Clumps of bulbs can also be divided in the early Spring and reset to flower the same year.

Scutellaria altissima      [Photo: sm med lg]
The specific epithet altissima refers to the 12"-24" tall flowering stems of this curious European native. It has bicolor, purple and white horizontal trumpet like flowers and will self seed to make a charming little colony that's bound to evoke comment and conversation.

Scutellaria indica japonica
The soft, deep lavender trumpets of this plant last for weeks over its soft 1" cordate foliage. Height is 3" - 6" with 6"- 10" flower spikes. Very cool!

Sedum 'Autumn Joy'      [Photo: sm med lg]

Sedum 'Cape Blanco'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Small glaucous, very succulent rosettes on wiry little stems make this a great addition to the front of the border or a rock garden.

Sedum 'Joyce Henderson'

Sedum nevii

Sedum seiboldii

Sedum ternatum      [Photo: sm med lg]
Walking through these mountains in late Spring, early Summer, you'd think that it was Winter when you come upon a huge boulder covered in white. It's not snow, its Sedum ternatum.

Sedum 'Vera Jameson'

Semiaquilegia eclaracata 'Flore Plena'      [Photo: sm med lg]
Dark red, clear, red wine colored, double flowers with no spurs, hence the genus Semiaquilegia, instead of Aquilegia. Plants are 8-12" tall with the flower stems shooting up another 12" or so. Possibly an influence in the genetics of Aquilegia 'Nora Barlow'. If you like Aquilegias and their allies, this plant could provide blood for some very rewarding breeding.

Shortia galacifolia

Silene virginica      [Photo: sm med lg]

Sisyrinchium 'Devon Skies'

Sisyrinchium convalatum

Sisyrinchium 'Devon Skies'

Sisyrinchium striatum

Smilacina racemosa

Solidago 'Golden Fleece'

Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks'      [Photo: sm med lg]

Spigelia marilandica      [Photo: sm med lg]
Large upfacing bright red trumpets with brilliant primrose yellow centers in early to mid Summer on 12"-18" stems. Slow to establish, but eventually forms a lush colony that's bound to be a focal point in any garden.

Spiranthes cernua f. odorata 'Chadds Ford'      [Photo: sm med lg]
No matter how many of these, one of the easiest plants in the world to propagate, plants we produce in a year, we always sell out. Imagine a native orchid that has fragrant white flower spikes in October. [Photo of flower: sm med lg]Although primarily a bog plant, its perfectly happy in a normal garden situation and very easy to grow. We have quadrupled production this year and hope to not have to disappoint anyone in 2000. [Article: A Garden-Friend Native Orchid]

Streptopus rosea      [Photo: sm med lg]

Stylophorum diphyllum

Symplocarpus foetidus

Syneilisis palmata

Tellemia grandiflora      [Photo: sm med lg]

Thalictrum rochebronianum      [Photo: sm med lg]

Tiarella cordifolia      [Photo: sm med lg]

Tiarella 'Oak Leaf'

Tipularia discolor      [Photo: sm med lg]
An adorable woodland native orchid species that asks very little in the way of attention and gives so much. The common name "crane Fly Orchid" says it all. In fact the scientific name for the Crane Fly is Tipula. When in flower, the 6"-8" wiry stems are decorated with orchid flowers that resemble crane flies lighting on it.

Tolmea menzesii 'Taffs Gold'      [Photo: sm med lg]

Tradescantia

Trautvetteria caroliniensis      [Photo: sm med lg]
When I first discovered "Tasslerue", I rightly thought that I had stumbled upon an unnamed Thalictrum species
[Article: Mystery solved on Spring Creek]

Tricyrtis 'Angels Halo'      [Photo: sm med lg]

Tricyrtis 'Miyazaki'

Tricyrtis 'Snow Fountain'      [Photo: sm med lg]   [Photo of flower: sm med lg]

Tricyrtis 'Sharkskin'

Trillium chlorapetalum

Trillium erectum      [Photo: sm med lg]

Trillium grandiflorum
The plants that we are offering for sale are 2-year-old bulblets from rhizome divisions of our flowering-size stock plants. They are in 2" pots and should be flowering in about two years. This is the easiest of all Trilliums to grow and propagate and one of the earliest to flower in the Spring.

Trillium luteum

Trillium nivale      [Photo: sm med lg]

Trillium recurvatum

Trillium sessile

Trillium undulatum      [Photo: sm med lg]

Trillium viride

Trollius laxus      [Photo: sm med lg]

Uvularia grandiflora      [Photo: sm med lg]

Uvularia perfoliata

Veratrum viride      [Photo: sm med lg]

Verbascum chaixii 'Alba'      [Photo: sm med lg]

Veronica 'Water Perry'      [Photo: sm med lg]

Veronicastrum sibiricum      [Photo: sm med lg]
Even if there weren't dense spikes of the coolest shade of lavender flowers in mid Summer, you'd want to grow this plant for its palmate, whorling foliage. It's somewhat similar to Veronicastrum virginicum, described above, but has much more texture and makes a bolder overall appearance.

Veronicastrum virginicum

Veronicastrum virginicum 'Alba'
     [Photo of foliage: sm med lg] [Photo of flowers: sm med lg]

Viola canadensis
Probably my favorite native Viola. It's a tall grower, 12-18" and prefers moist shade, but can take a little sun. From the axils of its deep green, cordate foliage come slightly fragrant, white flowers with a yellow splotch and deep purple veining late Spring through early Summer. [Article: Viola in the West Virginia Mountains]

Viola cucculata 'Freckles'      [Photo: sm med lg]
On a pale bluish/purple background, are dark pale/bluish "freckles", that's the most appropriate way to describe them! A very vigorous plant that will self seed around happily and come 100% true from seed. Plants do well just about anywhere and are 6-12" tall.

Viola dissecta
Very attractive, dark green, finely dissected foliage on a 6-12" plant. Attractive white flowers with blue stripes. Self seeds around gently. Full to part shade.

Viola hastata
The variable, silvery mottled, arrow-shaped leaves on this low growing Viola alone, make it a worthwhile addition to any shade garden. And then in mid Summer you get yellow flowers as a bonus.
[Article: Viola in the West Virginia Mountains]

Viola labrodorica
If you have a large space to fill and little patience, plant a few of these around. The burgundy foliage is a nice contrast with the pale blue flowers and before you know it, they will seed around and you'll have a Gazillion of them to give to all of your gardening buddies. 4" to 8" tall, just about anywhere you plant them will make them happy.

Viola 'Molly Sanderson'
This perennial violet has black flowers, now I don't mean dark purple, but REALLY BLACK. 3-6" tall, nice foliage. Full sun to part shade.

Viola pedata      [Photo: sm med lg]
You don't have to stretch your imagination a great distance to know why the common name for this plant is "Bird's Foot Violet". The foliage really does resemble cute little bird's feet. The flowers are a variable multitude of sky to deep to royal blues. You must give it good drainage, though. It's the prefect candidate for a hot, dry sunny location. Blooms in early Summer and then sporadically throughout the season. Can you say Xeriscaping?
[Article: Viola in the West Virginia Mountains]

Viola rotundifolia
The very first violet to bloom in the Spring, stemless, bright yellow flowers, chocolate brown stripes on the lower petals. Easy to grow in average soil. 3-6" tall.
[Article: Viola in the West Virginia Mountains]

Waldenstenia fragararoides
Great native groundcover with strawberry like foliage and bright yellow flowers in early Spring. Full sun to part shade, no special requirements. Quick to establish with a tight mat that defies weeds, but by no means invasive or difficult to control.

Xanthorhiza simplicissima      [Photo: sm med lg]   [Photo of foliage: sm med lg]
The only woody member of my favorite family, Ranunculaceae, is an under story shrub with small but interesting yellowish brown flowers. Fantastic divided foliage is reminiscent of Cimicifuga. 18"-36" in height, but wait until Autumn, the fall foliage is quite spectacular with variable hues of purple.

Zizea aurea      [Photo: sm med lg]
Bright umbels of yellow flowers on this native plant. Dark green glossy, dissected foliage. Height is about 12"-24".
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Barry Glick, Sunshine Farm and Gardens
696 Glicks Rd, Renick, WV 24966, USA
Phone: (304) 497-2208
E-mail: barry@sunfarm.com

Last modified February 24, 2009
URL: http://www.sunfarm.com/plantlist/plantlist.phtml